Cancer Cancer is
regarded as a group of diseases characterized by an
1. Abnormal growth of cells,
2. Ability to invade adjacent tissues and even distant organs,
3. The eventual death of the affected patient if the tumor has
progressed beyond that stage when it can be successfully
Cancer can occur at any part or tissue of the body and may
involve any types of cells.Cancer control consists of a series of measures based on present
medical knowledge in the fields of prevention, detection,
diagnosis, treatment, after care and rehabilitation, aimed at
reducing significantly the number of new cases, increasing the
number of cures and reducing the invalidism due to cancer.
Like most of the diseases, in cancer also diet do plays
important role. The various modes of cancer therapy- surgery,
radiation and chemotherapy all have nutritional consequence.
Assessment of nutritional status of cancer patient is,
therefore, essential in order to determine those patients who
are likely to be at increased risk for nutritional problems
during treatment, and to provide a basis for planning
appropriate nutritional support.
Appropriate nutritional support can help reduce weight loss,
provide an improved sense of well-being, and improve
Well nourished patients tolerate cancer therapy better than the
Well balanced diet adequate in calories, proteins, fats,
vitamins and minerals should be provided.
Diet should be bland, less irritating, and easy to swallow and
Small frequent meals given at regular intervals are better
Diet should be adequate in nutrient content so as to make up for
the losses and to replenish the lost stores.
Protein helps in regeneration of cells but the diet should be
coordinated well with the treatment regime or more so with the
anti-tumor therapy so that the cancerous cells do not
proliferate instead of normal body cells.
If the patient is not able to take food orally then tube feeding
is recommended along with some supplementation if required.
Nutritional care of the patient require careful assessment of
their food intake, eating problems, and special emotional and
physical needs that must be addressed accordingly so that
patient benefits from the dietary modifications.
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