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Crohn's Disease
Crohn's disease (also spelled Crohn disease) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines. It primarily causes ulcerations (breaks in the lining) of the small and large intestines, but can affect the digestive system anywhere from the mouth to the anus. It also is called granulomatous enteritis or colitis, regional enteritis, ileitis, or terminal ileitis.

Crohn's disease
is related closely to another chronic inflammatory condition that involves only the colon called ulcerative colitis. Together, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are frequently referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have no medical cure. Once the diseases begin, they tend to fluctuate between periods of inactivity (remission) and activity (relapse).

• A well-balanced diet can help you feel better and can be a positive step in dealing with Crohn's disease. It can also help decrease your chances of developing heart disease or certain types of cancer.
• Some suggestions for eating a well-balanced diet include:
• Eating a heart-healthy diet. This diet should include heart-healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, grains, fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products, lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts.
• Limiting foods with saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium (salt), and added sugars.
• Limiting the intake of alcohol.
• One should try and get regular physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week.
• Healthcare providers also recommend that people with Crohn's disease avoid any foods that seem to worsen symptoms. Because each person is different, it's important for you to take an active role in finding out which, if any, foods tend to make your symptoms worse.

Avoiding these foods and eating a nutritious diet may help you control your symptoms, but these healthy choices will probably need to be made for life. If you are able to control your disease by changing the foods you eat, you may not need to take medications.

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