Crohn's disease (also spelled Crohn
disease) is a chronic inflammatory
disease of the intestines. It primarily
causes ulcerations (breaks in the
lining) of the small and large
intestines, but can affect the digestive
system anywhere from the mouth to the
anus. It also is called granulomatous
enteritis or colitis, regional
enteritis, ileitis, or terminal ileitis.
Crohn's disease is related closely to
another chronic inflammatory condition
that involves only the colon called
ulcerative colitis. Together, Crohn's
disease and ulcerative colitis are
frequently referred to as inflammatory
bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis
and Crohn's disease have no medical
cure. Once the diseases begin, they tend
to fluctuate between periods of
inactivity (remission) and activity
DIETARY MANAGEMENT OF CROHN’S
• A well-balanced diet can help you feel
better and can be a positive step in
dealing with Crohn's disease. It can
also help decrease your chances of
developing heart disease or certain
types of cancer.
• Some suggestions for eating a
well-balanced diet include:
• Eating a heart-healthy diet. This diet
should include heart-healthy foods such
as fruits, vegetables, grains, fat-free
or low-fat milk and milk products, lean
meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and
• Limiting foods with saturated fats,
trans fats, cholesterol, sodium (salt),
and added sugars.
• Limiting the intake of alcohol.
• One should try and get regular
physical activity for at least 30
minutes a day on most days of the week.
• Healthcare providers also recommend
that people with Crohn's disease avoid
any foods that seem to worsen symptoms.
Because each person is different, it's
important for you to take an active role
in finding out which, if any, foods tend
to make your symptoms worse.
Avoiding these foods and eating a
nutritious diet may help you control
your symptoms, but these healthy choices
will probably need to be made for life.
If you are able to control your disease
by changing the foods you eat, you may
not need to take medications.
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