Gallstones (cholelithiasis) Gallstones are solid particles
that form from bile in the gallbladder.
Bile is a fluid made by the liver to
help in the digestion of fats. Bile is
stored in the gallbladder until needed.
When we eat a high-fat, high-cholesterol
meal, the gallbladder contracts and
injects bile into the small intestine
via a small tube called the common bile
duct. The bile then assists in the
The stones form when the amount of
cholesterol or bilirubin in the bile is
high or pigment stones are formed most
often in people with liver disease or
blood disease, who have high levels of
bilirubin or may be due to poor muscle
tone that keep the gallbladder from
emptying completely. The presence of
residual bile may promote the formation
Gallstones are the most common cause of
gallbladder disease. As the stones mix
with liquid bile, they can block the
outflow of bile from the gallbladder.
They can also block the outflow of
digestive enzymes from the pancreas. If
the blockage persists, these organs can
become inflamed. Inflammation of the
gallbladder is called cholecystitis and
inflammation of the pancreas is called
pancreatitis thereby resulting in severe
Untreated gallstone disease can become
life-threatening, particularly if the
gallbladder becomes infected or if the
pancreas becomes severely inflamed.
DIETARY MANAGEMENT OF GALLSTONE
Avoid eating a fatty or greasy meal as
it can precipitate the symptoms of
A low-fat, low-cholesterol diet can
prevent symptoms of gallstones.
Diet should be reducing, with moderate
amount of carbohydrates.
Diet should be rich in protein,
vitamins, minerals and fiber.
Fiber may prove beneficial in preventing
symptoms of gallstone as it binds
cholesterol and helps in its elimination
from the body.
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