Heart DiseaseCongenital heart disease
is a type of defect or malformation
in one or more structures of the heart or blood vessels that
occurs before birth.
The most common congenital heart problems include heart valve
defects, defects in the walls between the atria and ventricles
of the heart, and heart muscle abnormalities that can lead to
Congenital heart defects may produce symptoms at birth, during
childhood, and sometimes not until adulthood. It is possible to
have a defect and no symptoms at all. In adults, if symptoms are
present, they may include: • Shortness of breath.
• Limited ability to exercise.
These risk factors include: • Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the child such as Down
• Taking certain medications or alcohol or drug abuse during
• Maternal viral infection, such as rubella (German measles) in
the first trimester of pregnancy.
The effects of the condition continue throughout a patient's
lifetime. Diet, Careful Monitoring and Appropriate treatment
important to keep the heart strong and healthy. Nutritional Management of CONGENITAL HEART
intake of saturated fats and cholesterol-rich foods that can
cause plaque to build up in the arteries. Instead try for some
healthier alternatives like fresh vegetables, grilled chicken
and fish. Choose low-fat dairy foods or soy products in place of
processes cheese and whole milk.
with high amount of omega-3 fatty acids, which can help lower
cholesterol levels and keep the cardiovascular system
functioning at its best.
sodium intake. High blood pressure or hypertension, are directly
affected by the amount of sodium you include in your diet. Avoid
foods that are highly processed. You can avoid using large
amounts of sodium during cooking by choosing herbs and spices
that add extra flavor to your dishes.
limiting the use of sugar and sweetened foods. Instead try some
fresh fruit smoothies. Fresh fruits and vegetables provide
nutrients that keep the heart healthy.
contain usable plant proteins that replace the ones found in red
meats and dairy foods. Beans and peanuts also provide abundant
amounts of plant proteins.
Suffering from Heart Disease! Get a Diet Plan