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Ischemic  Heart Disease

Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a term that doctors use to describe patients who have reduced heart pumping (squeezing) due to coronary artery disease. These patients often have congestive heart failure. "Ischemic" means that an organ (such as the heart) is not getting enough blood and oxygen. "Cardio" means heart and "myopathy" means muscle-related disease.


Ischemic cardiomyopathy results when the arteries that bring blood and oxygen to the heart are blocked. There is usually a buildup of cholesterol and other substances, called plaque, in the arteries that bring oxygen to heart muscle tissue. Over time, the heart muscle does not work well, and it is more difficult for the heart to fill and pump blood to the body.

Risks for this condition include:

Diabetes
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
High-fat diet
Obesity
Personal or family history of heart attack, angina, unstable angina, atherosclerosis, or other coronary artery diseases
Sedentary lifestyle
Smoking


Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy often have symptoms of angina or heart failure.

Symptoms may include Chest pain, Fatigue, Dizziness, Shortness of Breath, Swelling of legs and ankles, Nausea, Vomiting, Cold sweat, Feeling of Heart Burn or Indigestion, Palpitation and Loss of Appetite.
 

Management of  ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE
The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and treat the cause of the condition. If symptoms are severe, patient may need to stay in the hospital.

The best way to prevent Ischemic Cardiomyopathy is to avoid getting heart (cardiovascular) disease (for example, high blood pressure and coronary artery disease).

Avoid excessive drinking

Eat a healthy diet full of whole grain cereals, pulses, legumes, fresh fruits and vegetables, low fat milk and milk products and occasionally lean meat.

Exercise as much as possible

Maintain a healthy weight

See your doctor to control blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes

Stop smoking
 

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