Hypothyroidism is a condition characterized by abnormally low thyroid hormone production. There are many disorders that result in hypothyroidism. These disorders may directly or indirectly involve the thyroid gland. Because thyroid hormone affects growth, development, and many cellular processes, inadequate thyroid hormone has widespread
consequences for the body.
The symptoms of hypothyroidism are often subtle. Patients with mild hypothyroidism may have no signs or symptoms. The symptoms generally become more obvious as the condition worsens and the majority of these complaints are related to a metabolic slowing of the body. Common symptoms are fatigue, depression, modest weight gain, cold intolerance, excessive sleepiness, dry & coarse hair, constipation, dry skin, muscle cramps, increased cholesterol levels, decreased concentration, vague aches and pains, and swelling of the legs. As the disease becomes more severe, there may be puffiness around the eyes, a slowing of the heart rate, a drop in body temperature, and heart failure.
DIETARY MANAGEMENT OF HYPOTHYROIDISM:
A healthy diet for someone with hypothyroidism would include natural foods, whole grains, lots of fruits and vegetables and a good supply of seafood and other lean protein.
You should cut back on meats that are high in fat.
A multivitamin is probably a good idea if you dont already take one.
Strive for whole grains, also known as complex carbohydrates, over refined grains as fiber in whole grains makes you feel full and can help you lose weight, in addition to being helpful for constipation, another side effect of hypothyroidism.
Alcohol should also be avoided because it can cause blood sugar fluctuations.
The ideal diet for hypothyroidism will include mini meals spread out through the day rather than three larger meals.
Your diet should include plenty of water.
The diet for hypothyroid should not include raw foods such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, mustard greens, kale, spinach, peaches, pears, strawberries, radishes and millet as these fruits, veggies, greens and grains are thought to increase your chances of developing goiter.
Include exercise if you want to lose weight
Selenium may be the most important nutrient in a diet for hypothyroid as this trace mineral is essential for converting the thyroid hormone T4, into its active form, T3. Brazil nuts are an incredibly good source of selenium, but you can also get it from some lean meats.
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