Influenza is a viral infection that
affects mainly the nose, throat, bronchi
and, occasionally, lungs. Infection
usually lasts for about a week, and is
characterized by sudden onset of high
fever, aching muscles, headache and
severe malaise, non-productive cough,
sore throat and rhinitis.
The virus is transmitted easily from
person to person via droplets and small
particles produced when infected people
cough or sneeze. Influenza tends to
spread rapidly in seasonal epidemics.
Most infected people recover within one
to two weeks without requiring medical
treatment. However, in the very young,
the elderly, and those with other
serious medical conditions, infection
can lead to severe complications of the
underlying condition, pneumonia and
NUTRITIONAL MANAGEMENT OF INFLUENZA:
- The diet usually prescribed is a high
calorie, high protein, low fat, & a high
- The first two or 3 days can be more of
a fluid diet consisting of soups,
glucose water, juices, milk (only if
there's no diarrhea).
- Give small frequent meals at regular
intervals, every 2 hrs which can be
gradually increased to every 4 hrs.
- Include foods which are soft, bland,
easily digested and absorbed like
gruels, cereal and milk, soft fruits
like banana, papaya, orange, sweet lime,
melons etc. soft and mashed khichdi or
mashed curd rice or softly boiled
veggies can also be included.
- Protein intake of the diet should be
increased, so it important to provide
high nutritive value protein like milk,
eggs & daal.
- Fatty foods, spicy and highly fibrous
foods are difficult to digest and should
- It is also very important to remember
that during fever, there is an increase
need of certain nutrients like Vitamin
A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B, Calcium, iron &
Suffering from Influenza !
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