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Kidney Diseases

4) GLOMERULONEPHRITIS
Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease in which the part of your kidneys that helps filter waste and fluids from the blood is damaged. It may be caused due to some Bacterial or viral infection, Blood or lymphatic system disorders, or even Diabetes.


Common symptoms of glomerulonephritis includes blood in the urine (dark, rust-colored, or brown urine), foamy urine, swelling (edema) of the face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen. Other systems like abdominal pain, cough, diarrhea, general ill feeling, fever, joint aches, muscle aches, loss of appetite, and shortness of breath.

Nutritional Management of Glomerulonephritis
A person with acute glomerulonephritis may need to avoid some foods and limit the amount of others. Waste products that failing kidneys cannot handle include protein, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. Typical dietary restrictions will be placed on total calories, fluids, protein, sodium, phosphorus, and potassium. Supplemental calcium is also required by many patients.
 *A healthy diet must give your body both the required amount of protein for tissue growth and repair, as well as enough calories for your energy needs. Excess calories and protein will put an unnecessary strain on a diseased kidney.
*Since fluid overload is dangerous, it is important to limit your intake. Keeping track of your weight every day can allow you to early detect any trend of fluid retention.
*Excessive amounts of salt in the diet result in the retention of too much water. Many kidney disease patients must limit their sodium intake to 2 grams per day or less.
*Your potassium level should be monitored closely. A dangerously high blood potassium level in a patient with end-stage kidney disease is a criterion for emergent kidney dialysis.
*Renal disease contributes to the imbalance of two of the important minerals namely Calcium and Phosphorus. Calcium supplements may be advised in some cases.
 *Vitamin and mineral supplements are frequently needed since dietary restrictions may prevent a renal patient from receiving all the needed nutrients necessary for a healthy and balanced diet.

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