Liver is a vital organ of human body as
it is the centre for major metabolic
processes and storehouse of several
important nutrients. Liver diseases
hamper the normal functioning of the
liver affecting the entire organ system.
Liver diseases include infective or
viral hepatitis, cirrhosis of liver and
INFECTIVE OR VIRAL HEPATITIS is the
common cause of jaundice. The two
viruses responsible are hepatitis A and
B virus. Anorexia, fever,
Headache, Rapid Weight Loss,
Loss of muscle tone
and Abdominal discomfort are some of the
CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER is a condition in
which there is destruction of the liver
cells due to necrosis, fatty
infiltration, fibrosis and nodular
regeneration. It is a serious and
HEPATIC COMA is a complex syndrome
characterized by neurological
disturbances, which may develop as a
complication of severe liver disease. It
results from entrance of certain
nitrogen containing substances such as
ammonia into the cerebral circulation.
Gastrointestinal bleeding, severe
infection and surgical procedures may
precipitate hepatic coma. Confusion,
restlessness, inappropriate behavior and
drowsiness are present.
DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR MANAGEMENT OF
LIVER DISEASES • High carbohydrate and moderate fat
diet is recommended.
• Proteins can be given in high amounts
in both hepatitis and cirrhosis as
protein helps in regeneration of cells
but needs to be restricted in hepatic
• Adequate amounts of minerals and
vitamins should be prescribed.
Supplementations may be provided if
needed. Sodium needs to be restricted
but only if ascites or local edema is
• Small attractive meals at regular
intervals are better tolerated.
• Overfeeding should be avoided.
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