Malaria is a parasitic disease that
involves high fevers, shaking chills,
flu-like symptoms, and anemia.
Malaria is caused by a parasite that is
transmitted from one human to another by
the bite of infected Anopheles
mosquitoes. In humans, the parasites
(called sporozoites) travel to the
liver, where they mature and release
another form, the merozoites. These
enter the bloodstream and infect the red
The parasites multiply inside the red
blood cells, which then rupture within
48 to 72 hours, infecting more red blood
cells. The first symptoms usually occur
10 days to 4 weeks after infection,
though they can appear as early as 8
days or as long as a year after
infection. Then the symptoms occur in
cycles of 48 to 72 hours.
The majority of symptoms are caused by
the massive release of merozoites into
the bloodstream, the anemia resulting
from the destruction of the red blood
cells, and the problems caused by large
amounts of free hemoglobin released into
circulation after red blood cells
Malaria can also be transmitted from a
mother to her unborn baby (congenitally)
and by blood transfusions. Malaria can
be carried by mosquitoes in temperate
climates, but the parasite disappears
over the winter.
Symptoms include anemia, chills, coma,
convulsion, fever, headache, jaundice,
muscle pain, nausea, bloody stools,
sweating and vomiting.
NUTRITIONAL MANAGEMENT OF MALARIA:
• The diet usually prescribed is a high
calorie, high protein, low fat, & a high
• The first two or 3 days can be more of
a fluid diet consisting of soups,
glucose water, juices, milk (only if
there's no diarrhea).
• Give small frequent meals at regular
intervals, every 2 hrs which can be
gradually increased to every 4 hrs.
• Include foods which are soft, bland,
easily digested and absorbed like
gruels, cereal and milk, soft fruits
like banana, papaya, orange, sweet lime,
melons etc. soft and mashed khichidi or
mashed curd rice or softly boiled
veggies can also be included.
• Protein intake of the diet should be
increased, so it important to provide
high nutritive value proteins like milk,
eggs & daal.
• Fatty foods, spicy and highly fibrous
foods are difficult to digest and should
• It is also very important to remember
that during fever, there is an increase
need of certain nutrients like Vitamin
A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B, Calcium, iron &
Suffering from Malaria ! Get a Diet Plan
Customized for Yourself >>