It is a disorder characterized by a
decrease in total
bone mass without a change in the chemical composition. It
occurs when the rate of bone re-absorption exceeds the rate of
bone formation. Reduction in the number of bone cells leads to
increase porosity of the bone. As a result fractures occur with
This condition is primarily found among middle-aged and elderly
post-menopausal women when there is decline in circulating
estrogen hormone level. Decreased intestinal absorption of calcium and
production of vitamin D and reduced physical activity may also cause osteoporosis.
MEASURES TO CONTROL OR PREVENT OSTEOPOROSIS
It is sensible to encourage all elderly people to be as
physically active as possible.
- Diet must provide adequate quantities of protein, vitamins and
minerals especially calcium and vitamin D.
- Daily diet must include foods like milk, cheese, buttermilk,
yogurt, dark green leafy vegetables, salmon, sardines, soybeans
and tofu for enhancing the calcium intake.
- Vitamin D fortified milk and cereal products, egg yolk,
saltwater fish and liver should be given place in diet plan so
as to get adequate amounts of vitamin D.
Regular exercise is another important preventive measure because
it stimulates formation of new bone.
- Smoking and drinking should be restricted as these increase the
requirement of calcium in the body
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