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Carbohydrates are sugar compounds made by plants when the plants are exposed to light. This process is called photosynthesis.

Uses of Carbohydrates

  • It protects your muscles.
  • It regulates the amount of sugar circulating in your body.
  • It provides nutrients for friendly bacteria in intestinal tract that helps in digestion.
  • It assist in body's absorption of calcium.
  • It helps in lowering cholesterol level and regulate blood pressure.

Sources of carbohydrates :

Fruits, vegetables, and grains.
Milk and its products contain carbohydrates.
Meat, fish, poultry - no carbohydrates.

Build a nutritious diet:

  • 6-11 servings a day of grain foods (bread, pasta, cereals) plus
  • 2-4 servings of fruits and
  • 3-5 servings of vegetables
One gram of carbohydrate contains 4 calories

Click here for foods rich in carbohydrates

Dietary fibre: Non-Nutrient in Carbohydrate foods

Kinds of dietary fibre

  1. Soluble fibre :
    • It forms gel in the presence of H2O
  2. Insoluble fibre :
    • It is a natural laxative.
    • It absorbs H2O,helps in feel full after eating
    • It stimulates intestinal walls to contract and relax. This contraction is called peristalsis .
    • It helps to prevent digestive disorders
    • It bulks up stools and makes it softer, reducing risk of developing hemorrhoids and lessening the discomfort you already have.

Know more about dietary fibres

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