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Water is a universal solvent. Our body contains 50 to 70 % of water. The average male body has proportionately more muscle than the average female body. Water content depends on how old you are and how much muscle and fat you have. Muscle tissue has more H2O than fat tissue.

Uses of water

  • It dissolves with other substance and carries the nutrients and other materials around the body, making it possible for every organs to do its job.
  • It helps in easy digestion of food.
  • carry waste products out of our body.
  • provides a medium in which biochemical reactions occur.
  • sends electrical messages between the cells.
  • regulates body temperature.
  • lubricates your moving parts.

The role of electrolytes

The term electrolytes are used to describe sodium, chloride and potassium. The most common electrolyte found in the dinner table is sodium chloride (table salt).

The outside contain more sodium and chloride and fluid inside contain more potassium. The process by which sodium flow out and potassium flow in is called sodium pump.

Lack of water leads to dryness in mouth, reduce urination, dehydration etc.

Get water from

  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Cheese
  • Milk products
  • Cereals

The estimated minimum requirements for sodium, chloride, potassium are:

Sodium: 500mg for adult weighing 70kg(154 pounds)
2000mg for adult weighing 70kg(154 pounds)
Chloride: 750mg for adult weighing 70kg(154 pounds)

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