It is a disorder characterized by a decrease in total bone mass without a change in the chemical composition. It occurs when the rate of bone re-absorption exceeds the rate of bone formation. Reduction in the number of bone cells leads to increase porosity of the bone. As a result fractures occur with greater frequency.
This condition is primarily found among middle-aged and elderly post-menopausal women when there is decline in circulating estrogen hormone level. Decreased intestinal absorption of calcium and production of vitamin D and reduced physical activity may also cause osteoporosis.
Dietary Measures To Prevent And Control Osteoporosis
- It is sensible to encourage all elderly people to be as physically active as possible.
- Diet must provide adequate quantities of protein, vitamins and minerals especially calcium and vitamin D.
- Daily diet must include foods like milk, cheese, buttermilk, yogurt, dark green leafy vegetables, salmon, sardines, soybeans and tofu for enhancing the calcium intake.
- Vitamin D fortified milk and cereal products, egg yolk, saltwater fish and liver should be given place in diet plan so as to get adequate amounts of vitamin D.
- Regular exercise is another important preventive measure because it stimulates formation of new bone.
- Smoking and drinking should be restricted as these increase the requirement of calcium in the body
- Suffering From Anemia? Here Are Some Diet Tips & Advice For Anemics By Shubi Husain
- Kidney Disease – Chronic Renal Failure Diet & Nutrient Consideration
- Diet Recommendation For Covid Patients & Those Recovering.. By Shubi Husain
- Hypertension – Suffering From High Blood Pressure! Know What To Eat & What To Avoid
- Check Your Immunity Score & See Where You Stand – Boost Immunity With Diet Tips From Shubi Husain
- Treatment Of Food Allergies Through Diet Management And Control